RURAL BRYANT, SD, PRESENTS:
Carleen Taylor Newton's
Email in Response to Ron Ginther's Letter, Written at Age 8, 64 years ago
Bernice Schaefer's 1986 Account of the PVF Reunion, "At the Old Home Place":
3. Pages 3 & 4 of a Letter by John Ginther (in pencil) concerning the purchase of a farmstead for himself; probably written to his son Robert Ginther who was financing the purchase, though John Ginther says he will pay down $300 on it, all can pay himself.
4. State of South Dakota, Hamlin County Certificate of Marriage for Robert Ginther and Pearl Andrina Stadem, signed W.R. Richardson, Clerk of Circuit Court, March 26, 1947.
First part shows marriage data, signed by H.J. Peterson, Signature of Clergyman, the marriage being done March 25, 1934. Second part shows the Civil signature of County Clerk Richardson.
5. Copy of the Trumpet Call, In Memoriam for Robert Ginther & Arthur Stadem, Record of the Double Funeral in January 1947.
6. Pearl A. Stadem's June 11, 1925 Report of Final Examinations (Hayti, S.D), grade school at Bryant, S.D., Dixon School District, No. 3. Signed by Christiana Opdahl, County Superintendent. Pearl earned an average of 84 in her subjects: Reading, Writing, Orthography, Arithmetic, Geography, Grammar, Agriculture, U.S. History, Civics, Drawing, and Music/Hygiene. Her best scores were Orthography, Arithmetic, Geography Agriculture, Drawing. Orthography earned her a 93.
7. Wedding Announcement for Miss Pearl Andrina (Stadem) to Mr. Robert Lee Ginther, Sunday March 25, 1934, announcement card from Mr. and Mrs. Alfred Stadem, with Reception at Home
8. Birth Certificate for Robert L. Ginther, signed by John Ginther; dated August 6, 1942. Signed by W.R. Richardson, Clerk of Courts. Certified and stamped with State Seal 8-8-1942
9. Death Certicate for Robert L. Ginther
10. Aug. 18, 1943 Ink writing by "Papa" Alfred Stadem to Pearl and Bob Ginther, concerning the travel account sent to the Stadems the same year. "Aug. 18th 1943-We have just read this interesting travelogue [Bob's account of his trip west in 1942 to get a job and re-locate his family there from Sioux Falls] (we: Papa, Mama, Alida, Ruth, LeRoy & Darrell). Some of this was very familiar to us, but the J. Ginther trip; that Eve. you must have forgot. Am sending this with Darrell in a few days as that will not be very much delay. Am sure many others would like to read this also. Also like to comment on your writing Pearl. It's good--from Papa"
11. Pearl Ginther's Passport issued 1999, Expiration 2009. Pearl used this passport to go with her daughter Roberta to Israel, Italy, Greece, and Turkey in June 1999.
12. Bob Ginther's Identification Pass from Captain of Port, Tacoma, WA, showing his picture, and occupation as Carpenter at S.T.S. Corporation. Has his thumb fingerprint, and signature, and lists age as 37, height 5'5 1/2 inch, weight 148, eyes blue, hair brown, born Bruce, SD. Pass issued 12-29-42.
13. Robert Ginther's Social Security Card, issued 1936, and address of John Morrell & Co. printed on back
14. Robert Ginther's Sioux Falls, SD, Landscaper Business Card
15. Newspaper clipping article "Airplane Crash Kills 2 Hunters"
16. Birth Certificate for Pearl Andrine Stadem, dated Sept. 13, 1909, filed 9-28-09; Alfred Jorgen Stadem and Bergit Wilhelmine Stadem are listed as parents. Alfred's age is given as 23, and his occupation, farmer.
17. Pearl Ginther's Sword Letter Opener (from Trinity Broadcasting Newwork)
18. Alfred Stadem notebook on farm expenses for horse, chickens, etc.
He determined his profit on the horse.
19. Memorial Record for Rev. Andrew A. Holbeck (notes on it by Pearl Ginther, his niece). Rev. Holbeck passed Dec. 9, 1964 (same year as Alfred Stadem?), and was born May 27, 1882. He was 82 years of age. Services were held at Ray Lutheran Church, with these clergymen officiating: Rev. Carl Nelson, Rev. Richard Grudt, Rev. Elmo Agrimson, D.D., and Rev. Casper B. Nervig, D.D. Interment at Ray, ND. (Rev. Elmo Agrimson later wrote the Introduction to the Third Edition of "The Work of Laypersons in Lutheran Perspective," by Atle Svanoe, Translated by Gordon Gunderson)
20. Obituary for Pearl A. Ginther (Sept. 13, 1909 - April 30, 2011) by Edwards Memorial Center (color picture of Pearl Ginther).
The Farm's buildings, what were they, what uses did they have, how did they come to be made? These and other questions Leroy Stadem
now answers in his account, which most of us will find fascinating, coming
from someone who knew these buildings intimately growing up, and took part in the erection of a number of them.
"In Cod We Trust," by Eric Dregni.
You've heard about the famed American Romantic novelist Thomas Wolff's "Look Homeward, Angel," with the bittersweet message in it that "You Can't Go Back Home." Maybe you have read this author too--and he is quite interesting detailing a young man's experience. To an extent, that is a truism, that you can't return home (tothe way it was) after you have left it some years, but it isn't entirely true. People can and do "go back home," in the aim of rediscovering their ancestral roots, as the author Eric Dregni has done, writing about his experience in this book. As you might well expect from Norwegian descendants, the book is written with humor all through, from the title onwards. The cover shows him dressed in Norwegian, wearing skies, Norwegian sweater, and short pants and long stockings, a backpack slung from his shoulders. His beautiful young wife is holding a baby, dressed in a red, embroidered cap, herself dressed in Norwegian style clothes and sitting on a sled of some type. In back of the threesome stands a grass-roofed, ancient-looking, log-sided building which may be habitable (it is hard to tell if it is for humans or animals, it is so rough looking). He is in search of family and ethnic roots, in the Lusterfjord, which is at the end of the Sognfjord (the fjord where the Stadems originated, namely, in the little hamlet (or rather, "codlet" of Vik).
Please check back for what we glean from this new book on "Ja, you CAN go back home, Ole!"
Update from Editor: I have finished the book, which is less than 200 pages and easy to read, as it is not detailed history. A couple sittings can get you through it, it is just about the varied, often comical experienes of this couple who are trying to adapt(with a colic-ky newborn!)to Norway and its very different ways of doing things. His great-grandfather left Norway when it was poor, and now Eric returns when it is the richest country in Europe! There has to be a tremendous lot of change, even for an American from Minnesotan who is used to all the things and conveniences of a modern culture. Norway is not America and not even Minnesota, he finds out, despite some similarities.
The book is subtitled: "Living the Norwegian Dream."
Some "Dream"! That is misleading when you look at the cover, which shows the couple supposedly enjoying a very rustic, even primitive lifestyle, Eric on skis, his wife and baby on a sled, and in the background a sod-roofed log-cabin. They may have visited such a domicile, but they certainly didn't live there!
Actually, they resided in a big and impersonal, modern apartment house in downtown Trondheim, one of Norway's biggest cities (and formerly the capital for hundreds of years before it was moved to Christiania (now called Oslo). As they soon discovered, residents there went out of their way NOT to talk or socialize with each other--playing the usual reserved Norwegians, supposedly.
What is the "Norwegian Dream" that is presently lived by four or so million Norwegians in the Old Country? It is bound to be controversial to us over here and also a bit funny, as even their ambassador described his homeland Norway as a "funny little country"--which it certainly is in many ways, culturally, though it certainly is not small in territory.
The fact that lutefisk (cod that was soaked in lye) is a national dish (perhaps the most favored) tells you this country is not ordinary and even a bit odd.
Norway's welfare system is also far more extensive than most Americans would want to support, but the Norwegians seem to love it passionately--paying huge taxes so they can enjoy all the health care they could possibly want or use.
Climate is something the Welfare System cannot do much about, however. The continuing oddness of Norwegian society is greatly accentuated by the severe winter climate. There are months when the sun isn't ascendant, and it is called the "Dark Time."
Norwegians go out of their way to challenge it and not let it get them down in the dumps. Good for them, but how well does that work?
For instance, they ski a lot, even in the worst weather, and break bones in the many ski jumps they love to patronize, and eat as much cod as they can in a variety of ways. What else do they do, perhaps is best left alone-- as there are few morals left in Norway after generations of permissive "do as you please" social conditioning in the Welfare State.
Yet the question must be asked. Philosophy and politics aside, what is this welfare society doing to the character and spiritual life of Norwegians?
Are they paying a price that is beyond anything the benefits of welfare can give them? What are they exchanging spiritually for goods and services and government-backed security from womb to tomb? What price is their children paying in individual initiative and moral integrity and even self-preservation? These questions must be asked.
Despite the glamor of being arguably Europe's most beautiful country, standing next to Switzerland, which is spectalar but much smaller and less varied than Norway, it would seem to us that Norway is a dying society in reality, on the terms of life it has set for itself.
Life cannot go forward in the long-term that way, only in the short-term will it seem to be beneficial and living. We believe the spirit of Norwegians will sicken and die (is doing so already, in fact), suffocated in the smothering hug of the Pythonic Welfare State. Productivity will ultimately decline, creativity will dry up, initiative will vanish-- this will become a completely parasitical society, living day to day on the wealth that has lured and corrupted them so completely, they think they are in a paradise when actually it is a living hell.
We do sorely grieve for Norway! The welfare state has become their God, not their servant. God has no part in it, he is completely excluded and is irrelevant. Humanism has triumphed, along with Secularism, at the cost of Norway's soul and spirit.
Pastor Christen J. Stadem is listed for a number of churches or congregations and years of his pastorates are given. We will give these names and dates in another place soon. The Spildes of Willow Lake are also mentioned with names and dates, not necessarily as pastors as leading members and elders. Canton's main Lutheran church is featured too, and Pastor Tetlie's name and date given. We have direct connection with Pastor Tetlie, as Pearl's father and mother and family lived on a farm the Tetlies owned outside Canton for a while, and we have a picture of the entire Tetlie family. Augustana College (as the school in Canton was known at that time) is mentioned, and its starting date as 1860 in Illinois. This institution divided, and became the Academy that Pearl Stadem and her siblings and and some of her children--Ronald, Joyce, and Jerry Ginther-- and also some Svanoes and Spildes enrolled at, which closed in the 1970s after moree" than 100 years of operation, including the "college" and "seminary" phases in South Dakota, Iowa and Illinois.
Peder and Martin Stadem are also named in connection with the Bryant church.
The directory also gives pictures of Lutheran churches all across America prior to 1917. Pearl Ginther's church, Mt. View Lutheran Church, is given. The first sanctuary cost $750. Founding members are listed. Families with these names are still to be found in Mt. View's congregation.
Additional fascinating information concerns the missionary Brevig family from Bryant, a family whom Pearl Ginther said she knew. The Brevigs established missions on the western central and north-western coasts of Alaska, missions which are still there, as far as placenames go anyway. We have a document from the Brevigs in the Archives telling of their mission work.
Atle Svanoe's congregations and dates are given (affording us information that was hitherto unknown to us Stadems at least). He pastored at St. Paul's, Verndale, Wadena County, MN, and Bethania, Sanborn County, SD, and Grand Rapids,Wisconsin, and also Salem Congregation (Sand Creek),Crow Lake, Jerald County, SD, in the early 1900s. He was a Norwegian pastor and returned to Norway and continued pastoring churches there for many years, right through the Nazi occupation of Norway in World War II. It is an interesting coincidence that Atle Svanoe and Christen J. Stadem may have heard or each other and even met. We need to find out by the dates, however, if there was this possibility at least. We say this because Christen J. Stadem also pastored at Immanuels in Wadena, Minnesota. It is also coincidental that the Svanoes have a family in the Iserman name that lives near Becker County where Christen J. Stadem pastored a church called Bethania (a favorite name for his various churches). Christen J. Stadem got around the country, and even to Canada in his ministries. He pastored at Hitchcock, Estevan, Sask.
The only unfortunate thing is that so few of us Stadem descendants in 2012 know anything (anything!) about Hans Nielsen Hauge. This fine, perceptive, wisely framed book could largely correct that truly awful, glaring ignorance, if it were only read. But in this electronic age that has made on-line books so available and accessible anywhere we might be at the moment, we still are not a reading people anymore--much to our great loss spiritually!
: A third book that Rennard Svanoe left in the Archives at the PVF farmhouse is a history of Worth County, Iowa, 1884. It is a modern reprint of course of the old history. Worth County was where Sjur and Oline Stadem (and his brother Knud Staim and Mother Brita) first located and farmed on coming to America. Thousands of other Norwegians settled here too, as the book portrays in all its information about the towns, villages, and townships, education, civil, military and political history, and portraits of prominent persons, and biographies of representative citizens. This certainly was no wilderness that the Stadems found, but they soon discovered they wanted and needed more space for growing families, and when they heard that free acreages of up to 160 acres were available in the Dakotas they, one by one, left Worth County and set out for the truly wild and wooly Prairie.
Here are some items listed:
Norwegian language items:
"Salmebog," Meditations on daily basis based on scriptures, in Norwegian, given Pearl Stadem by Parents Alfred and Bergit Stadem for Pearl's Confirmation, August 2, 1927. Black, bound hand-sized book, published by Augsburg Publishing House, Minneapolis, Minnesota
"Fredsbafunen," published in Minneapolis, Minnesota. It is the same type as the above book, but has name of owner, Mrs. Ole Larson, Northwood, ND on inside page of cover. Brown cover, loose from text.
"Olie i Karret," published by K. C. Holter Poublishing Company, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 1907. Name in ink on contents page is: Bergit Stadem
no cover, but a paper title page, with some ink writing on it: "Matt. 25:1, Parable of the 10 Virgins" and "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved"
"DEN NORSKE AMERIKALINJE, 1910-1960, by Erik Vea, Johan Schreiner, and Johan Seland, publisher Grondahl & Son, Oslo 1960. Has many illustrations, photographs, and graphs, showing the history and progress of the Norwegian American Shipping Line Company. It gives a good, illustrated history of Norwegian emigration to America. Donated to Pearl Ginther by her long-time Norwegian-American friend and fellow Lutheran churchwoman, Odney Wise.
In this rather large volume is most of a chapter telling about "Overingenior Endre Johannesen Svanoe," a Svanoe relative of Rennard Marion Svanoe, a grandson on his father's side of of the Rev. Atle Svanoe (a Norwegian American pastor and author whose book, "The Work of Laypersons," is listed below) and of Alfred Stadem (on his mother's side). Endre Johannesen Svanoe was an engineer of some considerable authority and renown in the company, for his picture appears in which he is wearing a notable medal. We hope to have most of the chapter translated and transcribed to these pages for your viewing.
Sermon Notes, in black looseleaf notebook, hand-sized, belonged to Bob Ginther, in his own handwriting. Contains some printed excerpts from religious articles. Composed before January 1947.
"The Christian's Treasure," by E. E. Byrum, paper cover, published by Gospel Trumpet Company, Anderson, Indiana, Copyright 1937. Picture and other titles by E.E. Byrum at 75 years of age. Contains scriptures in large type, one scripture per side of page, arranged in categories, such as prayer, The Sinner's Hope, Troubles, Trials, Temptations, Doubts, Faith, Despondent, Discouraged, Encouragement,Comfort, the Sick and Afflicted, Prisoners, Missionary, He That Giveth, Helpful Scriptures, Consecration. Name written inside cover is: Mr. Robert L. Ginther, 633 North Minnesota, Sioux Falls, SD.
Certificate of Award, Hamlin, SD, Chas. Arnold, County Superintendent of Schools. Certifies that Pearl Stadem of Dixon School District, No. 3, Hamlin County, SD, has made forty-five perfect recitations in spelling and thus is awarded this certificate, June 16, 1923, by Chas. Arnold, County Superintendent. Inside cover states: "The quality which you put into your work will determine the quality of your life. The habit of insisting on the best of which you are capable, of always demanding of yourself the highest, never accepting the lowest or second best, no matter how small your reward, will make all the difference to you between success and failure."
Schoolday Memories of Pearl Stadem, Class of 1931. Class Autograph Book. Black bound, hand-sized book. Contains numerous writings and autographs from classmates and teachers at Augustana Academy, Pearl's graduation year of 1931.
"Hans Nielsen Hauge," A short Account of the Life and Work of Hauge, by C.B., 1890. Paper cover. Illustration of Hans Niesen Hauge as a younger man inside cover. Decorah-Posten Book Store, Decorah, Iowa, sold this book. Given Darrell R. Ginther by his grandparents, Alfred and Bergit Stadem, Christmas 1948.
This little but great book, starting in the Preface, compares our churches and congregations to the all-but dead, loveless Sardis church depicted in the Book of Revelation, the effect of a century of the same Rationalistic philosophy that persecuted and even imprisoned Hauge for preaching the Bible-based Gospel and salvation through repentance. Want to find out what that means for you and us now as Christians of the 21st century? It may be an eye-opening experience, or it will already confirm what the Spirit of God may have been revealing to you concerning the deadness of congregational life and the low spirituality of the individual members. Deadness is the result of losing our first love for Jesus--and though we may seem to be alive, in God's eyes we are not, as he cannot be fooled by outward appearances and showy services and acts of pious giving.
Frank Vust's "Praise is Comely," Psalm 33:1, Psalm 118.23. From Introduction:
"On a number of occasions, it has been expressed tome--at a particular time, very urgently--that it could be expected to prove to be a real blessing to others if I wrote and published what I saw as God's leading and God's teaching in connection with the life and death of our son, Paul Vust, who was born ont he 10th of August, 1944, and was relieved from earthly suffering on the 23rd day of February, 1959. [Paul Vust would be 15 years old at time of death]"
Millennial Calendar, 1999-2000, by Ronald Ginther, 1960 Graduate of Augustana Academy, Unbound paper calendar is based on Augustana's Yearbook, the Saga, for 1927 and 1959, using illustrations and pictures from them. Calendar is dedicated to Mrs. Lilian Heide, (1907-1989) Teacher at Augustana. She taught History (beginning 1956) and was Librarian until the school's closing. The ribbons that bind the pages show the class colors for 1960. There is a short history of A.A.
Mowat titles it "The Odyssey of Thorgisl Orrabeinfostri (Scarleg's Fosterson), which constitutes Chapter 13 of Mowat's book, "Westviking." Again, we do not advise young children to read it, it is just too graphic and realistic in details.
We have drawn these NON-EVANGELICAL and EVANGELICAL authors together in an article entitled, "Religion in Norway--Pagan, Christian, and Neo-Pagan."
Dear Sis Pearl, here we are in Great Grandpa's town [Bergen] where he was a policeman [or watchman] about 150 years ago. Thought of him as we worshipped and communed at Dom Kirken this A.M. Wondered if this was his church--it's about the 12th century old. Yesterday we were in Vik [small community on the Sogn Fjord] where Sjur (Great Grandpa) was born, baptized and married. Our Grandpa Peter Johan was born here! We met Lars Stadheim in Vik. He is our third cousin! His farm is on the old Stadheim Farm! We'll tell more at the reunion. Hope our pictures turn out. Tomorrow we head Mandal way! Love, Bro. Leroy.
"When the Fischer quintuplets of Aberdeen, South Dakota, were born last September, the event was heralded to the four corners of the earth. There was much excitement and ado. As these quintuplets grow up, there will be many eager to meet them.
In striking contrast, when the Bethlehem Babe was born, His birth created no excitement. Only a handful knew about it. There was no rush to meet Him and become acquainted. Even 2000 years after His incomparable philosophy and way of life have been made known throughout the world, there is no great demand to meet Him. Grave doubt even exists that many in Christian circles today have not really met him.
Mere knowledge of Christ's mission in the world, membership in a Christian congregation, oral confession of faith and observing ecclesiastical forms and ceremonies do not necessarily mean you have met the Babe in the Manger in the true sense of the word.
Suspicion that there are many in the church whose acquaintance with the Babe in the Manger does not go deeper than religious formalism is widespread, not only among non-Christians, but also among church leaders who are in a strategic position to observe. Among them is Dr. Oswald Hoffmann, speaker of the International Lutheran Hour, who recently expressed that opinion in the public press during an interview. He called attention to the conspicuous number of professing Christians who do not live what they profess to believe [we shall see if we can get a transcript of his interview remarks for the Heritage Center--Ed. There is also this interesting connection, as the Lutheran Hour was broadcast for many years from the Black Hills stav church you see featured on this page! The Augustana Academy Choir provided the music too!--Ed.].
A national magazine not long ago published an article in which churchmen ventured a percentage estimate of truly converted Christians in their respective denominations. Spokesmen for the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod estimated it to be about 33% of the denomination's membership. One place the percentage at 35% and another 50%. The average of the estimates for the Baptists was 67%. 50% was the estimate for the So. Presbyterians.
While these estimates are subjective, rest purely on human judgment and may be far from correct, they nevertheless point up an awareness of a great disparity today between Christian profession and living on the part of the church members. This an an alarming weakness of the visible church today. It not only is an offense, but impedes the spread of the Gospel.
To meet the Bethlehem Babe is more than a formality. The Christ Child later explained what it means, when He said, "...by their fruits ye shall know them. Not everyone that sayeth unto me Lord, Lord, shall enter into the kingdom of heaven; but he that doeth the will of my Father which is in heaven."
In other words, it is the evidence and the quality of fruitfulness that differentiates among the professed followers of the Master. This also emphasizes the importance of really having met the Babe of Bethlehem. It calls for serious self-examination."
News paper clipping: "How Hayti Was Named," Story written by Joan Jorgenson, Third Grader. In 1907, S. Cole and his son, A. Cole, lived east of where Hayti is now. They wrote a letter to Washington, D.C. wanting to name the new post office Lake View. The men in Washington, D.C. said that there were too many towns with that name so they had to think of another name. His father was twisting hay to burn when his son showed the letter. The older Mr. Cole said as a joke, "We should name it Haytie." So the next day they wrote a letter to Washington saying they would like to name the post office "Haytie." But somehow in Washington they dropped the last "e," so now it is just Hayti.
Hanger (Stadem) Sisters
Esther Alida Dede
Esther Dede, the daughter of Erick and Annie (Stadem) Hanger was born on December 9, 1915 at Bryant, SD. She died after a lingering illness at her own home on Saturday, Oct. 5, 1985 at the age of 69 years.
She grew to adulthood and attended school at Bryant, SD. She was baptized and confirmed in the American Lutheran Church. Esther was united in marriage to Dick Dede on March 29, 1933 at Watertown, SD. There were four children born to this marriage.
Esther and Dick lived for several years at Bryant, and then lived in Rapid City, SD, Billings, MT, and Sun City, AZ, before returning to Bryant, SD to retire four years ago. She was a member of Our Redeemer Lutheran Church and the ALCW (American Lutheran Church Women) in the church.
Among survivors who are grateful for having shared in her life are her husband, Dick of Bryant, SD, two sons Dick Jr. and Bill of Billings, MT, ten grandchildren, nine great-grandchildren, and two sisters, Mrs. Edna Koistinen of Lake Norden, SD and Mrs. Helen Gustafson of Chicago, IL.
Mrs. Dede was preceded in death by her parents, five sisters, one son, Leland Dede, and one daughter, VaLoy Alexander.
Her Homecoming to Heaven service was held at Our Redeemer Lutheran Church, Bryant, SD, Wednesday, Oct. 9, 1985, at 10:30 AM. Clergy were The Rev. Arthur Larson and Intern, Mark Rydberg. Organist was Mrs. Geneve Josephson. Singing was provided by the Rev. Arthur Larson. Interment was at Our Redeemer Lutheran Cemetery, Bryant, SD. Casket bearers were Nels Horsted, Keith Landers, Cliff Ruotsalainen, Tom Chapin, Dick Lusk, and John Brown. Arrangements were by Osthus Funeral Home, Bryant, SD.
Pearl Ginther says she knew Esther and her sisters, and "chummed" with them, when they were young.
My Dear Niece, Remember your Aunty helped bring you into this world. And am so sorry about what happened [Bob Ginther's death in the plane crash early January, 1947]). I know you love the Lord and look to him for everything. And I know he will help and guide you in caring for the nice children. I appreciate the pictures so much, and your nice card. And Pearl this sorrow, I can't see why it had to be, but God must have other plans. And I know he helps us to carry our burdens if we look to him in love and Faith. I've had many trials [Pearl says Aunty Caroline's husband was a very difficult person for a husband]. But I can see today he never left me for a minute even during the time of my wedding, marriage, when I didn't ask him for any favors he was helping and guiding me through it all. Ethel said on her Xmas card, she joined church while Kenny was in Japan. And since he came home they all belong to Lutheran church and go to Sunday School with the children. She has 2 lovely boys. I saw her children many times kneel and pray for Daddy's safety, and return from Japan. Maybe that was God's way for her salvation. I pray my children all will find Jesus and love him with all their hearts. Bernice wrote me about the accident. Whgat are you going to do? Write me Pearl. And I understand Cora is near you, am I right? Mae has 2 adopted children, Allen Lee 4 yrs, Gay [?] 3 years, sweet looking, well behaved children, Ethel says. I remember you all in my prayers. You all pray for we, please.--Aunty Caroline
[Written on lined school notebook paper, in pencil.